Freelancers and business owners have the task of optimizing their tax savings and making sure they are completing their taxes accurately as we approach a new tax year. Knowing the Qualified Business Income (QBI) deduction is essential to tax preparation. Introduced as a component of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, this deduction permits qualifying taxpayers to reduce their taxable income by up to 20% of their qualified business income. We will go into the specifics of the QBI deduction in this post, along with how business owners and independent contractors might benefit from it in 2024.

Qualified Business Income: What Is It?

The net revenue from a qualifying trade or business operating in the United States is known as qualified business income, or QBI. This covers profits from partnerships, S companies, sole proprietorships, and some types of trusts and estates. Dividends, capital gains, income from C corporations, and interest income are not included. The business must be conducted in the United States and cannot be a designated service trade or business (SSTB), such as the legal, accounting, consulting, medical, or performing arts fields, in order to be eligible for the QBI deduction.

Determining the QBI Inference

With some exceptions, the QBI deduction is computed as 20% of the taxpayer’s QBI. Whether or not the taxpayer itemizes their deductions, the deduction is deducted out of their individual income tax return.


The maximum amount that can be deducted is 20% of QBI or 20% of taxable income less any net capital gains. Depending on the kind of business and the amount of W-2 wages received by the business, there may be further restrictions on the deduction for taxpayers whose taxable income exceeds specific levels.

Optimizing the QBI Inference

There are various actions freelancers and business owners can take to lower their taxable income and optimize their QBI deduction. One tactic is to maximize contributions to retirement accounts, which can lower taxable income and raise the QBI deduction, such as IRAs, 401(k)s, or SEP-IRAs. Another tactic is to think about reorganizing the company to benefit from the deduction. Examples of this include changing the company’s legal structure to become a non-SSTB or going from a sole proprietorship to a S corporation.


Additionally, in order to fully benefit from all potential tax benefits and understand the complexities of the QBI deduction, freelancers and business owners can hire a tax specialist. To prevent fines and interest, a tax professional can assist with tax planning, estimated tax payments, and timely and accurate filing of tax returns.

Paying Taxes as an Independent Contractor or Company Owner

Tax filing presents special difficulties for freelancers and business owners, including self-employment taxes, anticipated tax payments, and maintaining annual income and expense records. Receiving Form 1099-NEC rather than Form 1099-MISC for revenue received as an independent contractor is a common problem experienced by freelancers. For non-employee remuneration, Form 1099-NEC is utilized, and for other forms of revenue, such rent, royalties, and prizes, Form 1099-MISC is employed.Navigating independent contractor taxes often requires consulting with a tax professional to ensure compliance and maximize deductions.

Freelancers and company owners can utilize an estimated tax calculator to precisely compute the amount of self-employment taxes due. To prevent underpayment penalties, expected tax payments should be made on a quarterly basis to the IRS. Accurately reporting income and claiming deductions on tax returns requires maintaining thorough records of income and expenses, including bank statements, invoices, and receipts.

In conclusion, in order to optimize tax savings and lower taxable income, freelancers and business owners must comprehend the Qualified Business Income (QBI) deduction. Freelancers and business owners can make sure they are accurately submitting their taxes and minimizing their tax burden in 2024 by utilizing tax planning techniques and maximizing the QBI deduction. To ensure compliance with tax regulations and avoid fines and interest, speaking with a tax professional can help you manage the complexities of the tax system.